The Journey of Sawyer 459

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Imunizadoras Em Porto Alegre

The agroecological movement in Brazil started with critiques of the impacts of agricultural systems based on the Green Revolution. The large number of adventurers coming to the Minas Gerais led to the foundation of several settlements, the first of which was created in 1711: Vila Rica de Ouro dedetizadora resolve Preto , Sabará and Mariana , followed by São João del Rei (1713), Serro, Caeté (1714), Pitangui (1715) and São José do Rio das Mortes (1717, now Tiradentes ). In contrast to other regions of colonial Brazil, people coming to Minas Gerais settled mostly in villages instead of the countryside.
In Southern Brazil, G. molesta and B. salubricola control requires up to 10 treatments with broadspectrum insecticides per year ( BOTTON et al., 2009 ; MONTEIRO et al., 2009 , CHAVES et al., 2014 ). Of these, 76% of insecticide applications are performed with organophosphates ( WITT, 2016 ), although new insecticides have been registered, including neonicotinoids (acetamiprid), spinosyns (spinetoram), anthranilic diamides (chlorantraniliprole), benzoylphenylureas (novaluron), juvenile hormone mimics (pyriproxyfen), pyrethroid ethers (etofenprox), and diacylhydrazines (tebufenozid) ( AGROFIT, 2017 ). Furthermore, two to three additional applications are performed with organophosphates for the control of fruit fly.

Considering the damage caused by terrestrial gastropods in strawberry producing areas in southern Brazil, this study aimed to i) identify the species associated with Fragaria x ananassa in rural properties in municipalities of Parana State, Brazil; ii) describe and illustrate the diagnostic morphological and conchology features of the mollusk species; iii) construct an illustrated key based on these morphological and conchology features; iv) analyze two species collected in March 2017 to investigate the possible occurrence of parasitic nematodes of medical importance.
The first attempt to colonize Brazil followed the system of hereditary captaincies (Capitanias Hereditárias), which had previously been used successfully in the colonization of Madeira Island These captaincies were granted by royal decree to private hands, namely to merchants, soldiers, sailors, and petty nobility, saving the Portuguese crown from the high costs of colonization 8 The Captaincies granted control over areas of land and all that resided upon it. Furthermore, the splitting of land highlights the economic importance a large amount of land would have for red-dye producing trees and sugar plantations.

This study also adds the following species to the list of scale species associated with citrus in the state of São Paulo for the first time: Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (Green) (Diaspididae), Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner) (Coccidae), Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell), Pseudococcus cryptus Hempel (Pseudococcidae) ( Table 1 ).
In India, fermenting fruit traps and sweep netting were used to sample AFF ( Karan et al. 2000 ). Populations were sampled by collecting fallen fruit by Castro and Valente (2001) Fermenting banana fruit were used as bait for sampling by Tidon et al. (2003) The species was sampled from fallen S. lycocarpum fruit by Leão and Tidon (2004) A 50:50 blend of fig juice (Ficus carica L.) in water was found to be the most attractive blend compared with juice of guava (Psidium guajava L.) and jelly palm (Butia capitata (Mart.) Becc.), and fig juice supplemented with glucose ( Pasini et al. 2011 ).
The state of Rio Grande do Sul produces 63% of all rice in Brazil 56 The association between rice paddy workers and leptospirosis has already been described in the literature 6 , 57 Working conditions in rice fields have been studied in Peru and results highlight occupational hazards linked to leptospirosis infection, such as long period of exposure to water, lack of use of any personal protection equipment, and presence of skin wounds 57 It is very important to raise aw

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